Competition Commission of India (CCI) keeps a tab on unfair business practices across sectors in the market place and levies penalties to curb such unfair practices.

In a written reply to Lok Sabha, Corporate Affairs Minister Mr. Arun Jaitley said the number of “cases of cartelisation/unethical business practices reported to CCI” stood at 113 in the current financial year till February 23.

Last fiscal, the number of such cases was at 128, higher than 115 cases seen in 2013-14 period. In 2012-13, there were 94 such cases.

As many as 113 cases of alleged cartelisation and unfair business practices have been reported to the Competition Commission so far this financial year, the government said on February 26, 2016.

The cases pertain to various sectors including petroleum and natural gas, real estate, banking and insurance, and automobiles.

Responding to a separate query, Mr. Jaitley said CCI may impose penalties in appropriate cases.

CCI takes into account the aggravating and mitigating factors before arriving at the fair and judicious quantum of such penalties, he noted.

Responding to a query on whether the penalties on the companies drive them out of business itself or lead them to shut down their entire operations, the Minister said – “Penalties are imposed in order to eliminate practices having adverse effect on competition as well as for promoting and sustaining competition, primarily to protect the interest of consumers,” which I totally agree.

CCI has recovered 0.6% of the total amount of fines that it has imposed on companies as lengthy judicial reviews and overturned orders. So far CCI has levied Rs.13,900 crore in penalties on companies for violating rules. The regulator’s success rate in recovering the money is, however, Rs.82.1 crore.

Interestingly, comparing with Debt Recovery Tribunal under SARFAESI Act, close to 60,000 cases pending with DRTs involving bank dues worth Rs.3.74 trillion are stuck. DRTs were set up to provide expeditious adjudication and recovery of debt by banks and financial institutions.

Meanwhile, the Union Budget of India (referred to as the Annual Financial Statement in Article 112 of the Constitution of India) is the annual budget of the Republic of India, presented each year on the last working day of February (which is today) by the Finance Minister of India in Parliament. The budget, which is presented by means of the Financial Bill and the Appropriation Bill has to be passed by the House before it can come into effect on 1 April, the start of India’s financial year.

Just wondering, on how recovery of all these penalties would impact the Union Budget.

Leonardo DiCaprio

By the way, were you wondering why I have put Leonardo DiCaprio’ photo to this post. Nothing official. Me too eagerly waiting to see if Leo gets an Oscar atleast this time around, the fifth time.

Fingers crossed.

Google chief executive Sundar Pichai met with the European Union’s top anti-trust official Margrethe Vestager on Thursday in an effort to narrow differences ahead of a landmark competition decision on the company.

European competition officials have been investigating the US tech giant for years over alleged monopolistic practices involving its search engine but a solution has been elusive.

This meeting of today was the first meeting between Competition Commissioner Vestager and Pichai, the new CEO of Google, and follows a meeting last March with Eric Schmidt, the company’s chairman.

Three successive proposals by Google for an amicable settlement have been rejected. Last year Vestager sent the company a “statement of objections” over its online shopping services, which said Google had diverted traffic from rival price-comparison services like Kelkoo, which operates in several European countries, to favour its own product.

Google responded in late August that Brussels’s findings were wrong and based on a flawed evaluation of the market.

If no agreement is reached and the group is found to have broken EU antitrust rules, it could face fines amounting to billions of dollars. A decision is expected before this summer.

Now, looking at India, though the Competition Law (erstwhile MRTP) is in its nascent stage, it has indeed been very active. Anti-Competitive Agreements, Abuse of Dominance and Cartels are very seriously looked upon. Penalty up to 10% of (global) turnover or 3 times profit for each year (of cartel)should grab your attention.